Adverbs in German Grammar (2023)

  • Adverbs vs. Adjectives
  • Types of adverbs in German grammar
  • Where do German adverbs come in a sentence?
  • Comparative and superlative adverbs in German
  • Online exercises to improve your German
  • Lingolia Plus German

Just here for the exercises? Click here.

What are adverbs?

Adverbs (Adverbien) are describing words that we use with verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.

Sie fährt schnell.She drives fast.
Das Wetter ist sehr schön.The weather is very nice.
Sie fährt sehr schnell.She drives very fast.

German adverbs can give information about: place (draußen, hier…), time (gestern, abends…), manner (anders, gern…) or reason (also, darum…). Wo-words like wofür, worüber, etc. are also adverbs.

Read on to learn about the different types of German adverbs in detail and how to use them in a sentence. Practise using adverbs correctly in the interactive exercises.


Adverbs in German Grammar (1)

Heute ist das Wetter schön, darum fährt Mila mit dem Fahrrad in den Park.

Sie trifft sich dort mit ihrer Freundin Anna.

Im Park gibt es einen Berg. Sie gehen oft dorthin.

Mila hat ein schnelles Fahrrad und liebt es, schnell den Berg nach oben zu fahren.

Von dort kann man den ganzen Park sehen.

Oben wartet Anna ungeduldig auf sie. Mila ist sehr spät dran, wofür sie sich entschuldigt.

(Video) A1 - Lesson 57 | Zeitadverbien | Adverbs of time | Learn German

Mila schenkt Anna einen Blumenstrauß, worüber sie sich freut.

Sie sitzen gemeinsam und genießen den wunderschönen Ausblick.

Adverbs vs. Adjectives

In English, adverbs often end in -ly (quickly, slowly…); in German, adverbs have no special ending and often look the same as adjectives.

So how do we tell the difference between the two? We have to look at the word they modify and their endings.

Adverbs can modify:

  • verbs (schnell fahren)
  • adjectives (sehr schön)
  • other adverbs (sehr spät)

In contrast, adjectives only modify nouns (ein schöner Tag).

This means that adjectives change their endings, but adverbs always stay the same. Compare:

Sie läuft schnell.She runs quickly. (schnell = quickly)
schnell is an adverb modifying the verb laufen, so doesn’t change its ending
Sie hat ein schnelles Fahrrad.She hast a fast bike. (schnell = fast)
schnell is an adjective describing the neuter noun Fahrrad, so takes the ending -es

These adverbs are technically called adverbial adjectives. You can learn more about them in the adjectives section.

Types of adverbs in German grammar

There are different types of adverbs in German grammar:

  • adverbs of place (Lokaladverbien)
  • adverbs of time (Temporaladverbien)
  • adverbs of reason (Kausaladverbien)
  • adverbs of manner (Modaladverbien)
  • relative adverbs (Relativadverbien)

Adverbs of Place (Lokaladverbien)

Adverbs of place give information about a location. They answer the question where?

Oben wartet Anna auf sie.Anna is waiting for her at the top.
where is Anna waiting? → at the top

Typical adverbs of place include: außenoutside, dathere/here, dortthere/over there, drinneninside, fortaway, hierhere, hintenbehind, irgendwosomewhere, linksleft, nebenannext to/near, nirgends/nirgendwonowhere, überalleverywhere, untenunder, vornin front/ahead

Movement & Direction

Certain adverbs of place can also express movement and direction (e.g. aufwärtsupwards, hinaufup, hineininto…). In this case, they answer the question wohin? (where to?/in which direction?).

(Video) German for Beginners 11 - Adjectives and Adverbs

Sie fährt den Berg hinauf.She cycles up the hill.

We can place nach (= towards/to) before an adverb to indicate a movement in this direction.

Sie liebt es, schnell den Berg nach oben zu fahren.She loves cycling quickly up the hill.

We use von (= from) before the adverb to show an origin or starting point.

Von da kann man den ganzen Park sehen.From there, you can see the whole park.

da/dort vs. dahin/dorthin

The adverbs da and dort are synonyms. They are equivalent to there in English.

Sie trifft sich dort/da mit ihrer Freundin.She’s meeting her friend there.

We have to use dahin/dorthin when we express a movement (= to there).

Im Park gibt es einen Berg. Sie gehen oft dahin/dorthin.There’s a hill in the park. They often go there.

Adverbs of Time (Temporaladverbien)

Adverbs of time tell us when something happens. They answer questions like wann?, wie oft?, um wie viel Uhr? or (seit) wie lange?

Heute trifft sie sich mit Anna.She’s meeting Anna today.
when is she meeting Anna? → today
Sie geht täglich in den Park.She goes to the park every day.
how often does she go to the park? → every day

Typical adverbs of time include:

baldsoon, bereitsalready, bisheruntil now, danachafter, davorbefore, einstonce, endlichfinally, freitags/samstags/sonntagson Fridays/Saturdays/Sundays etc., gesternyesterday, immeralways, inzwischenmeanwhile, jetztnow, neulichrecently, nienever, oftoften, regelmäßigregularly, sofortimmediately, stetsconstantly, täglichdaily, vorhinbefore, zurzeitat the moment

Adverbs of Manner (Modaladverbien)

Adverbs of manner tell us how an action is performed (e.g. quickly, slowly, happily…).

Anna wartet ungeduldig.Anna is waiting impatiently.

These adverbs can come before adjectives to show how much?, to what extent? or to which degree?

Mila ist sehr spät dran.Mila is very late.
how late is she? → very late

Typical adverbs of manner include:

andersdifferently, äußerstparticularly, beinahealmost, ebenfallsequally/likewise, fastalmost, ganzcompletely, genausoexactly, genugenough, gernhappily/gladly, größtenteilsmostly, hauptsächlichmainly, hoffentlichhopefully, kaumhardly, leiderunfortunately, möglicherweisepossibly, reihenweisein a row, sehrvery, vielleichtmaybe, wirklichreally


One of the most common adverbs in German is gern.

(Video) All German Adverbs of Time | A1 - C1 Level

It can be tricky to translate directly into English, but its general meaning is similar to happily, gladly or even of course.

—Möchtest du ein Stück Kuchen?
Gern!—Would you like a piece of cake?

We also use gern to talk about hobbies and things we like doing.

Ich fahre gern Fahrrad.I like riding my bike.
Melanie ist gern unter Menschen.Melanie likes being around people.

Adverbs of Reason (Kausaladverbien)

Adverbs of reason answer the question why?

Es ist sehr schön draußen, darum ist Mila im Park.It’s really nice outside, that’s why Mila is in the park.

Typical adverbs of reason include:

alsoso, dadurchthus, darumthat’s why, demnachthus, demzufolgeas a result, deshalbtherefore, folglichconsequently, sicherheitshalberto be on the safe side, somitthus/therefore, trotzdemnevertheless/anyway

Relative Adverbs (Relativadverbien)

Relative adverbs (Relativadverbien) introduce relative clauses.

In English, relative clauses begin with where, which, that or who; in German, these clauses begin with wo.

Mila ist im Park, wo es sehr schön ist.Mila is in the park, where it’s really nice.


You may also know relative adverbs as wo-words.

This is when we combine wo with a preposition: womit (= with which), wofür (= for which), worüber (= about which)

Which preposition we use depends on the verb in the sentence.

Mila ist sehr spät dran, wofür sie sich entschuldigt.Mila is very late, which she apologises for.
sich für etwas entschuldigen = wo + für

Note: if the preposition beings with a vowel, we have to add an -r- to aid pronunciation.

Mila schenkt Anna einen Blumenstrauß, worüber Anna sich freut.Mila gives Anna a bunch of flowers, which makes her happy.
sich über etwas freuen → wo + r + über

Where do German adverbs come in a sentence?

German adverbs can occupy two possible positions in a sentence: at the beginning or in the middle.

(Video) Learn German Adverbs ~ TOP ADVERBS IN GERMAN ~ Perfect German Lesson

Heute ist das Wetter schön.Today, the weather is nice.
Das Wetter ist heute schön.The weather is nice today.

Where we place the adverb affects the word order in the sentence.

Adverb at the beginning

When the adverb comes at the very beginning of the sentence, the verb comes next, not the subject.

Heute ist das Wetter schön.The weather is nice today.
not: Heute das Wetter ist schön.

Adverb in the middle

When the adverb comes in the middle of a sentence, we have to bear in mind the following:

  • Adverbs come before an accusative object but after a dative object
    Sie hat heute einen Blumenstrauß gekauft.She bought a bunch of flowers today.
    accusative object: einen Blumenstrauß
    Sie hat ihrer Freundin heute einen Blumenstrauß geschenkt.She gave her friend a bunch of flowers today.
    dative object: ihrer Freundin
  • Adverbs cannot come directly before personal pronouns. This means that if the accusative object is a pronoun, the adverb comes after.
Sie hat heute einen Blumenstrauß gekauft.She bought a bunch of flowers today.
but: Sie hat ihn heute gekauft.She bought it today.
ihn = den Blumenstrauß
  • If there is no object in the sentence, the adverb comes after the conjugated verb (or the reflexive pronoun (mich, dich, sich…).
    Sie sitzen gemeinsam.They sit together.
    Sie entspannen sich gemeinsam.They relax together. (reflexive verb: sich entspannen)
  • Adverbs of time normally come before adverbs of place.
    Sie ist täglich dort.She is there daily.
    not: Sie ist dort täglich.

Comparative and superlative adverbs in German

Normally, adverbs never change their endings.

However, there are a handful of adverbs that have comparative and superlative forms.

Sie mag den Park sehr.She likes the park a lot.
Sie mag den Park mehr als den Spielplatz.She likes the park more than the playground.
Sie mag den Spielplatz und den Zoo, aber den Park mag sie am meisten.She likes the playground and the zoo, but she likes the park the most.
Base FormComaprativeSuperlative
baldeheram ehesten
gernlieberam liebsten
ofthäufiger/öfteram häufigsten
sehrmehram meisten

With some adverbs, we can use weiter/am weitesten to give a comparative or superlative meaning.

Dieser Park liegt weiter nördlich als der andere.


What is an adverb sentence with enough? ›

We use enough as an adverb directly after an adjective or directly after another adverb: Is this box big enough for all those books? Strangely enough, no one seemed to notice that Boris was in his pyjamas.

What are the rules for adverbs in German? ›

Adverbs in German Sentence Structure

When an adverb is placed in the beginning of the sentence, the word order changes. The verb then comes before the subject, and the sentence has the following structure: adverb + conjugated verb + subject + rest of the sentence.

What answers do adverbs answer? ›

Definition: An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs answer the questions when, where, how, and to what extent (how much or how long).

What do you call the adverbs that answers the question how? ›

Adverbs of manner modify verbs to tell us the how.

What are 4 sentences with enough? ›

[M] [T] He had barely enough to eat. [M] [T] She isn't good enough for him. [M] [T] He is old enough to drive a car. [M] [T] He is old enough to travel alone.

What types of adverb is enough? ›

The words "too", "enough", "very", and "extremely" are examples of adverbs of degree.

What is the order of adverbs in a sentence in German? ›

In German the order must always follow the 'Time, Manner, Place' (TMP) rule if any or all of these things are included in the sentence, even if some aspects are missing, eg time and manner, but no place; or time and place, but no manner.

How do you use adverbs in German in a sentence? ›

In German, adverbs can come in different places in a sentence, but as a general rule they are placed close to the word to which they refer. Adverbs of time often come first in the sentence, but this is not fixed. Morgen gehen wir ins Theater OR:Wir gehen morgen ins Theater. We're going to the theatre tomorrow.

How do you form adverbs in German? ›

Most German adverbs are formed from adjectives or nouns and are used to comment on verbs. In fact, they are generally just adjectives used as adverbs. And the good news is that unlike adjectives, they do not change by adding different endings. Habe ich das richtig gehört?

What are the rules for adverbs? ›

  • An adverb can modify a verb. The girls ran quickly but happily through the puddle. ...
  • An adverb can modify an adjective. The adverb usually clarifies the degree or intensity of the adjective. ...
  • An adverb can modify another adverb. The modifying adverb usually clarifies the degree or intensity of the adverb.

What are 10 examples of adverbs? ›

Quickly, slowly, yesterday, last week, here, there, today, daily, never, rarely, extremely, annually, etc., are some examples of adverbs.

What are 5 short examples of adverb? ›

  • He swims well.
  • He ran quickly.
  • She spoke softly.
  • James coughed loudly to attract her attention.
  • He plays the flute beautifully. ( after the direct object)
  • He ate the chocolate cake greedily. ( after the direct object)

What 4 questions do adverb phrases answer? ›

Like an adverb, an adverbial phrase will also answer questions such as 'when', 'where', 'why', 'how' and 'how often'. An adverbial phrase modifies or provides extra information about a verb, a phrase, an adjective or another adverb in the sentence.

What are the 7 types of adverbs? ›

Some of the main types of adverbs are:
  • Adverbs of manner.
  • Adverbs of place.
  • Adverbs of time.
  • Adverbs of frequency.
  • Adverbs of purpose.
  • Adverbs of degree.
  • Conjunctive adverbs.
  • Focusing adverbs.
Oct 20, 2022

What kind of adverb answers the question when and how often? ›

An adverb of frequency is exactly what it sounds like – an adverb of time. Adverbs of frequency always describe how often something occurs, either in definite or indefinite terms. An adverb that describes definite frequency is one such as weekly, daily, or yearly.

What is the rule of enough? ›

enough comes after adjectives and adverbs. I'm not tall enough to reach the top shelf. Your marks are good enough to study engineering at university. I couldn't write quickly enough and I ran out of time.

What is one example of enough? ›

Adverb I couldn't run fast enough to catch up with her. She's old enough to know better. Are you rich enough to retire? That's good enough for me.

What part of grammar is enough? ›

Enough is an adjective that describes something that is adequate for an intended purpose. Enough is also used as an adverb to mean sufficiently or fully. Enough also has senses as a pronoun and an interjection.

What is the adverb for more than enough? ›

The adverb form of ample is amply, meaning sufficiently or abundantly, as in He gave amply to charity.

What are the types of enough? ›

Two types of 'enough': sufficiency as minimum and maximum.

Is it quickly enough or quick enough? ›

Quick is an adjective, so you should use it to modify nouns. Quickly is an adverb, so you should use it to modify verbs.

What comes first in a German sentence? ›

In a standard sentence in BOTH English AND German, the subject noun (i.e. nominative case) comes first, followed by the finite (a.k.a. conjugated) verb. All other information (e.g. accusative case, dative case, adverbs, etc.)

What are German adverbs of quantity? ›

Adverbs of quantity are used to tell us 'how much' or 'how many' of something there is. Some of the most used ones are sehr (very, much), kaum (barely), viel (a lot), wenig (a little), extreme (extremely), gar nicht (not at all), and übermäßig (excessively).

What are German conjunctive adverbs? ›

There are five main adverbial conjunctions that all basically mean “therefore”, “that's why” or “hence” in German. They are: “daher”, “darum”, “deshalb”, “deswegen” and “somit”.

What is the order of adverbs in a sentence? ›

Remember, the order of adverbs is manner, place, frequency, time, and purpose. As we already noted, it is unusual to find several adverbs consecutively modifying the same word.

What are the different types of adverbs in German? ›

Common German Adverbs. Adverbs can be roughly divided into these four groups: Lokaladverbien (locative adverbs), Temporaladverbien (temporal adverbs), Modaladverbien (adverbs of manner) and Kausaladverbien (causal adverbs).

What is the order of the adverbs? ›

When there is more than one adverb in a sentence describing a verb, they usually go in this order: manner, place (location), frequency, time, reason/purpose. It is uncommon to use all five types of adverbs to modify the same word. If a sentence uses two or more adverbs, it is good to follow this order to sound natural.

What is the formula of adverb? ›

Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the end of the related adjective. Exceptionally, words which end in -ble drop off the -e before -ly is added. So do the words true and due.

What is the format of adverbs? ›

Adverbs often have the form of an adjective + -ly. He was calm when I told him. He behaved calmly. That was a beautiful presentation, Carla.

What are the common mistakes in using adverbs? ›

Many errors with adverbs are spelling errors:
  • It happened quite accidentally. ...
  • Actually, I've been very busy. ...
  • It's not something that can be done easily. ...
  • They were happily married for 20 years. ...
  • The building was completely destroyed. ...
  • I felt extremely unhappy about it all. ...
  • Yours sincerely, Mark Johnson.

What are the mistakes in the use of adverbs? ›

Adverbs of manner usually go in the end-position. Incorrect: The room is enough spacious for us. Correct: The room is spacious enough for us. The adverb enough goes after the adjective or adverb it modifies.

What is wrong usage of adverbs? ›

Agreement errors, where the adverb does not agree with the subject or verb in a sentence. For Example: She swims slowly in the pool. (The adverb slowly does not agree with the subject she, which is incorrect.)

Do all adverbs end in ly? ›

Because of their distinctive endings, these adverbs are known as -LY ADVERBS. However, by no means all adverbs end in -ly. Note also that some adjectives also end in -ly, including costly, deadly, friendly, kindly, likely, lively, manly, and timely. The modifying words very and extremely are themselves adverbs.

What are the 4 most common adverbs? ›

25 Most Common Adverbs
  • up.
  • so.
  • out.
  • just.
  • now.
  • how.
  • then.
  • more.

Where is the adverb in this sentence? ›

They usually go in end position. They sometimes go in mid position if the adverb is not the most important part of the clause or if the object is very long. She ate quickly.

What are the 25 adverbs? ›

abnormally absentmindedly accidentally actually adventurously afterwards almost always annually anxiously arrogantly awkwardly bashfully beautifully bitterly bleakly blindly blissfully boastfully boldly bravely briefly brightly briskly broadly busily calmly carefully carelessly cautiously certainly cheerfully clearly ...

What are the 50 examples of adverb of manner? ›

  • fast. fatally. fiercely. fondly. foolishly. fortunately. frankly. frantically. generously. ...
  • hard. hastily. healthily. honestly. hungrily. hurriedly. inadequately. ingeniously. innocently. ...
  • so. softly. solemnly. speedily. stealthily. sternly.
  • straight. stupidly. successfully. suddenly. suspiciously. swiftly. tenderly. tensely. ...
  • well. wildly. wisely.

What are examples of adverb questions? ›

The interrogative adverbs why, where, how, & when are placed at the beginning of a question. These questions can be answered with a sentence or a prepositional phrase.

What do adverbs usually end in? ›

Adverbs are words that answer the questions when, where, and how, for example, recently, never, below, slowly, frankly. Typically, adverbs end in -ly though there are a few adjectives that take this ending too, such as lovely, friendly, lonely. Adverbs can be used to modify an adjective or an entire sentence.

What are the six main adverbs? ›

There are six main adverbs of frequency that we use in English: always, usually (or normally), often, sometimes, rarely, and never.

What kind of adverb is never? ›

Adverbs of frequency: Sometimes, often, usually, frequently, seldom, daily, again and again, generally, occasionally, never, etc.

Is the word always an adverb? ›

Always is an adverb.

What type of adverb directly answers the question how much or how little? ›

Adverb of degree — Adverbs of degree are those which answer to the question, how much?

Is the word never an adverb? ›

never (adverb) never–ending (adjective) never–never land (noun)

What kind of adverb is every hour? ›

List of Adverbs of Frequency
Examples of Adverbs of Frequency
Every hourEverydayOften
4 more rows

What's a good sentence for enough? ›

Adverb I couldn't run fast enough to catch up with her. She's old enough to know better. Are you rich enough to retire? That's good enough for me.

How can I use enough in a sentence? ›

enough comes after adjectives and adverbs. I'm not tall enough to reach the top shelf. Your marks are good enough to study engineering at university. I couldn't write quickly enough and I ran out of time.

What are examples of adverb sentences? ›

Examples of Adverbs
  • I go to school every day.
  • I came home yesterday.
  • We went to the clinic last week.
  • Sandra will go to London next month.
  • My cousins are going to see a movie tomorrow.
  • The food we ordered will be here soon.
  • Will you come along with me to the store the day after tomorrow?

How do you use just enough in a sentence? ›

She had just enough money to pay for her bus ticket.

Is enough an adverb or adjective? ›

Enough is an adjective that describes something that is adequate for an intended purpose. Enough is also used as an adverb to mean sufficiently or fully.

What is the other meaning of enough? ›

Some common synonyms of enough are adequate, competent, and sufficient. While all these words mean "being what is necessary or desirable," enough is less exact in suggestion than sufficient.

What is an example of enough and too? ›

I don't have enough time to get everything done. I think the test was too difficult. There is too much salt in this soup!

Which preposition is used with enough? ›

Enough goes AFTER the adjective. Now, you may have noticed after large enough we have the preposition FOR + students. After enough, we can have for + person / people. Let's look at some more examples of this.

What are 10 adverbs used? ›

abnormally absentmindedly accidentally actually adventurously afterwards almost always annually anxiously arrogantly awkwardly bashfully beautifully bitterly bleakly blindly blissfully boastfully boldly bravely briefly brightly briskly broadly busily calmly carefully carelessly cautiously certainly cheerfully clearly ...

How do you start a sentence with an adverb? ›

Beginning of the sentence

Adverbs placed at the beginning of the clause are often separated by a comma. The comma is obligatory after however, in fact, therefore, nevertheless, moreover, furthermore, and still. (1) Usually the summer is hot and humid. (2) Sometimes she wishes it was not so hot.

How do you use enough said? ›

something you say to tell someone that you understand what they have said and that there is no need to say any more: "Someone has to explain the situation to her." "Enough said." "There are some, er, objections to her appointment." "Oh yes, enough said."


1. Important German temporal adverbs | nie, selten, manchmal, oft, immer & more
2. Learn German Adverbs of Place | Grammar Lesson
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3. 80 Basic Adverbs in German - A2 & B1 Lessons
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4. German Grammar Lesson 8: Adverbs
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5. German Grammar: Word Order of Adverbials (Time, Manner, and Place)
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6. B1 - Lesson 33 | Temporaladverbien | Adverbs of time | Learn German
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